Um Apelo Urgente à Opinião Pública Mundial: Parem a guerra antes que seja tarde demais!

A guerra na Ucrânia prossegue, sem interrupções há já quatro meses, causando um elevado número de vítimas e vasta destruição de bens do povo da Ucrânia além de enormes danos à economia global. A vida de milhões de pessoas em todo o mundo está sendo afetada devido ao aumento dos preços e à crise energética e, acima de tudo, à elevação constante das tensões globais que empurram a humanidade para a beira de uma guerra nuclear.

A intervenção militar russa na Ucrânia foi uma resposta evidente às medidas tomadas pelo regime de Kiev e pelas milícias armadas de extrema-direita contra os russos, a população russófona e outros cidadãos da Ucrânia, assim como à não implementação dos acordos de Minsk e à contínua e agressiva expansão da OTAN na direção dos territórios da antiga União Soviética. 

Mas, mesmo se rejeitarmos completamente os argumentos russos e se aceitarmos plenamente a interpretação dos EUA e da OTAN sobre a crise ucraniana, a resposta ocidental à intervenção russa, armando maciçamente a Ucrânia e impondo sanções sem precedentes contra a Rússia, é totalmente desproporcionada. Esta política não ajuda os ucranianos e comporta um risco muito elevado de catástrofe a nível global no terreno nuclear, ecológico e socioeconômico. 

O prolongamento do conflito ucraniano está aumentando o risco de uma guerra mundial nuclear por acidente, por erro de cálculo ou por provocação e a subsequente aniquilação da humanidade. 

É claramente impossível enfrentar os desafios candentes do nosso tempo, tais como as mudanças climáticas, a fome e outras ameaças à sobrevivência da humanidade numa atmosfera de hostilidade internacional. Todos os ganhos alcançados desde o fim da Segunda Guerra Mundial parecem estar hoje em jogo e a cooperação entre nações e povos atingiu neste momento um alarmante nível mínimo. A continuação deste conflito aproxima-nos do ponto de colapso da civilização humana, como adverte o recente relatório da ONU (GAR2022: Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction). 

As sanções e contra-sanções já provocaram efeitos sociais e econômicos devastadores para a maioria dos países do mundo. E a esta altura ficou claro que todas essas medidas não podem ajudar a Ucrânia a ganhar uma guerra impossível de ganhar desde o seu início. Mas elas estão contribuindo para a matança e migração da juventude ucraniana e para a destruição do país. 

É por isso que consideramos da maior urgência apelar a um cessar-fogo imediato e ao início de negociações acompanhados do levantamento das sanções e do fim do envio de armamento para a Ucrânia. 

Apelamos à opinião pública mundial, a todos os movimentos sociais, intelectuais, sindicatos, comunidades religiosas e governos, para que atuem com firmeza nesta direção e coordenem os seus esforços. 

Não há tarefa mais importante para a humanidade neste momento do que deter a possibilidade de uma guerra mundial aberta e o consequente colapso da Civilização! 

Bandung Spirit Collective e Delphi Initiative for the Defence of Democracy
https://bandungspirit.org/  e http://www.defenddemocracy.press/


Working group:

Isaac Bazié, Burkina Faso/Canada (Professor, Comparative Literature, African Studies, Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada)

Beatriz Bissio, Brazil/Uruguay (Professor, History, Political Sciences, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)

Bruno Drweski, France/Poland (Professor, Geopolitics, Central and Eastern European Studies, INALCO National Institute of Languages and Civilisations, France)

Darwis Khudori, Indonesia/France (Professor, History, Oriental/Asian Studies, Université Le Havre Normandie, France)

Dimitris Konstantakopoulos, Greece (Journalist and writer, Defend Democracy Press, Athens, Greece)

Manoranjan Mohanty, India (Former Professor, Political Sciences, Chinese Studies, University of Delhi, India)

Yin Zhiguang, China/UK (Professor, Political Sciences, International Relations, Fudan University, Shanghai, China)


Signed by:

Ibro Abdou, Directeur de ISEP, Institut de Stratégie, d’Evaluation et de Prospective, Niamey, Niger

Read also:
Donald Trump's state visit to Britain put on hold

Asvi Warman Adam, Professor, BRIN Badan Riset dan Inovasi Nasional, Jakarta, Indonesia

Shirin Akhter, Associate Professor, Zakir Husain Delhi College, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

Sayf Alaydrus, Student, Faculty of Political and Social Sciences, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia

Annamaria Artner, Habilitated College Professor and Senior Research Fellow, Milton Friedman University and Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Institute of World Economics, Budapest, Hungary

Francis Arzalier, Historian, President Collectif Communiste Polex, Saint-Denis, France

Ellen Elizabeth Barfield, Full-time Volunteer Justice and Peace Activist, Veterans For Peace, War Resisters League, Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

David Barkin, Profesor Distinguido Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana- Unidad Xochimilco, Ciudad de México, Mexico

Fikret Başkaya, Professor, President of the Free University, Istanbul

Anice Benjelloun, Business Professional, EPFL, Lausanne, Switzerland

Matyas Benyik, Social Scientist and Activist, ATTAC Hungary Association, Budapest, Hungary

Georges Beriachvili, Professor, Stanislas High School, Paris, Georgia/France

Jean-Louis Bertrand, France, Informaticien, Editor, Casalabriva, France

Françoise Bloch, Socio-anthropologue CNRS (retired), France

Reiner Braun, Executive Director of the International Peace Bureau (IPB), Germany

Heriberto Cairo, Professor, former Dean of the Faculty of Political Science and Sociology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain

Yücel Candemir, Emeritus Professor of Economics, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey

Russell Caplan, UCU Trade Union and Labour Party, London, UK

Suchetana Chattopadhyay, Professor, Department of History, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India

Anuradha Chenoy, writer, Professor, former Dean of the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, former chairperson and director of the Centre for Russian and Central Asian Studies, India

Francis Combes, poète et éditeur, France

Clare Daly, Member of the European Parliament, Ireland

James De Burghe, Author, Member, Society for Anglo- China Understanding (SACU), Manifesto Group, Great Britain, China

Radhika Desai, Professor, Department of Political Studies, Director, Geopolitical Economy Research Group, University of Manitoba, Canada

János Debreceni, Activist, Organisers for Left, Budapest, Hungary

Alfred de Zayas, Professor, former (first) UN rapporteur on the promotion of a democratic and equitable international order, Switzerland

Ousmane Diakité, Gestionnaire du Sport, Centre d’Appui à la Scolarisation des filles, Caracas, Mali

Bartłomiej Jarosław Doborzyński, Worker, Bookmark, Gdańsk, Poland

Klaus Dräger, former policy advisor of the GUE/NGL on employment & social affairs, Germany

Aziz Fall,  Professor, GRILA, Montreal, Sénégal/Canada

Alan Freeman, University of Manitoba, Canada/UK

Leo Gabriel, Journalist and Anthopologist, Member of the International Council of the World Social Forum, Austria

Maria Gardner, Art Lecturer, UK

Sergio Rodriguez Gelfenstein, International Relations expert and advisor, fm. Director of International Relations of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, former Ambassador to Nicaragua, Caracas, Venezuela

Philippe Gendrault, Independent Health Professional, San Francisco, USA/France

Fengzhan Geng, postdoc Researcher in the University of Kassel, Germany/China

Dimosthenis Georgopoulos, economist, sociologist, statistician, Greece

Manas Ghosh, Assistant Professor, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India

Raymond McGovern, Journalist, Veterans For Peace, Washington, DC, USA

Harald Grünberg, Activist, Marxistisches Forum Partei Die Linke, Berlin, Germany

Hall Greenland, Writer, Australia

Mamdouh Habashi, Socialist People’s Alliance Party, Politburo member, World Forum for Alternatives, Vice President, Egypt

Asha Hans, Chairperson, Development Research Institute, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Frances Hasso, Professor, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA

Odile Hélier, Anthropologist, la France d’en bas

Victor Hugo, Comisión por la Defensa de los Derechos Humanos, CDDH, Ecuador

Magdy Imam, Former Professor, Technical University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany/Egypt

Read also:
Donald Trump and Deep Ecology

Costas Isychos, former alt. Minister of Defense, member of the Network for the Defense of Humanity, Greece

Earl Jackson, Professor, University of California, Santa Cruz, California, USA/Taiwan

Kostas Kalloniatis, economist, Greece

Kwon Keumsang, Suwon Family & Women Center, Suwon, South Korea

Hiiock Kim, Activist, The Alternative Culture, Seoul, Republic of Korea

Soyoung Kim, Professor, Korea National University of Arts, Seoul, South Korea

Peter Koenig, former Senior Economist at the World Bank and the World Health Organization (WHO), Switzerland

Sanoop Sajan Koshy, Research Scholar, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India

Dmitriy Kovalevitch, Marxist group ‘Borotba’ (Struggle), Ukraine

Tamás Krausz, Professor, Head of the Department of Eastern European Studies, Eötvös Loránd University of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary

Marios Kritikos, member of the General Council of ADEDY, the Trade Union of Greek Public Servants, Greece

Andros Kyprianou, Deputy, former General Secretary of the AKEL Party, Cyprus

Annie Lacroix-Riz, Emeritus Professor, Contempory History,  Université Paris VII-Denis Diderot, France

Dimitri Lascaris, Lawyer, Journalist, Montreal, Canada

Aristidis Lamprou, Worker Greece

Patricia Latour, journaliste, France

Angela Lee, Festival Director, Producer, Film Critic, The Chuncheon SF Film Festival/CCFF, Chuncheon City, South Korea

Mi-Jeong Lee, Lecturer and Artist, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Korea/Canada

Denis Lemercier, Maître de conférences retraité, Université de Caen, France

Lin Chun, Professor, London School of Economics, China/UK

Pierre LeBlanc, Journalist and Activist, Canada

Michèle Leclerc-Olive, honorary researcher CNRS (HDR), member of the laboratoire Institut de Recherche Interdisciplinaire sur les enjeux Sociaux (IRIS), President of CORENS (Collectif Régional pour la Coopération Nord-Sud – Hauts de France) and of CIBELE ((Collectif Régional pour la Coopération Nord-Sud – Ile de France), France

Jeffrey Lever, Visiting Fellow, Law Department, London South Bank University, UK

María Lois, As. Professor, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain

Marie Lynam, GMB trade union and Labour Party, London, UK

Rasigan Maharajh, Chief Director, Institute for Economic Research on Innovation, Tshwane University of Technology, Tshwane, South Africa

Birgit Mahnkopf, Professor (Retired) on European Politics, Institute of Political Economy (IPE) at Berlin School of Economy and Law, Berlin, Germany

William Mallinson, writer, former British diplomat, Professsor of Political Ideas and Institutions, Universita degli Studi Guglielmo Marconi, Greece/UK

Michel Marti, Retired railway worker, CGT trade unionist, Yellow Vest since the beginning, France

Charles McKelvey, Substack Writer, USA/France

Guy Mettan, Journalist & Deputy, Grand Conseil, Geneva, Switzerland

Dragana Mitrovic, Professor, University of Belgrade, Faculty of Political Science, Serbia

Paolo Motta, Architect, Territorial Planner, Private expert & researcher, IASQ International Association Social Quality, Amsterdam, Italy/Spain

Francisco Nemenzo, Professor Emeritus and former President, University of the Philippines, Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines

Gerardo Otero, Professor, School for International Studies, Simon Fraser University, USA

Seema Mehra Parihar, India (Professor, Kirori Mal College, University of Delhi) Gerardo Otero, Professor, School for International Studies, Simon Fraser University, Canada

Mausoléo Pascal, Nurse (retired) France

John Philpot, senior criminal litigation attorney, specialized in international criminal law, Canada.

Mazin Qumsiyeh, Professor, Bethlehem University, Palestine

Jean-Luc Rallo, Maître de Conférence Senior, Universite de Nice Sophia Antipolis, Nice, France

Kostas Raptis, Linguist, Journalist, Greece

Magda Refaa, Researcher and Activist, University Paris 8, Paris, Egypt/France

Marta Restivo, Front Office, Un’altra storia, Florence, Italy

Lee Rhiannon, former Senator, Australia

Pamela Richard, Office Manager, Peace Action WI, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA

Read also:
The Alt-Right’s Alternative Reality

John Riddell, essayist, historian, editor, translator and activist, Canada

Giorgio Riolo, Journalist, Rete delle Alternative, Milan, Italy

Rityusha Mani Tiwary, Assistant Professor, Shaheed Bhagat Singh College, University of Delhi, Delhi, India

Danielle Riva, Utopie Critique, France

Florien Rochat, former Director of the Centre d’étude, de recherche et d’information sur les mécanismes à l’origine du maldéveloppement (CETIM), Switzerland

Louis Roussel, Psychoanalyst, San Francisco Center for Psychoanalysis, USA

C. Saratchand, Professor, Satyawati College, University of Delhi, India

Dr. Ulrich Schneider, Secretary General of the International Federation of Resistance Fighters (FIR), Germany

Eddy Sebahi, Teacher, UDL, Lyon, France

John Sharkey, Retired Worker, Activist, Member, Bain Apartments Housing Co-operative, Inc., Toronto, UK/Canada

Masaki Sakiyama, Professor, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan

Helena Sheehan, Emeritus Professor, Dublin City University, Ireland

Mahendra Singh, Associate Professor, University of Delhi, India

Marinos Sizopoulos, MP, President of the Socialist Party, Cyprus

Stéphane Soejoso, Retired Manager, France

Yunus Soner, political scientist /journalist, Turkey

Rodolfo Milhomem de Sousa, Lawyer, Researcher, Universidade Autonóma de Lisboa, Ministério da Economia, Brasília, Brazil

Jeffrey Surovell, Writer, Adjunct Associate Professor – CCE, Social Science & Cultural Studies, Pratt Institute, USA

Eka Swadiansa, Architect, Practitioner & Researcher, Office of Strategic Architecture/OSA, Surabaya, Indonesia

Yanuardi Syukur, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Universitas Khairun, Ternate, and President of Rumah Produktif Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia

Narender Thakur, Associate Professor, University of Delhi, India

Dr. Oscar Ugarteche, SNI III/CONACYT, Instituto de Investigaciones Económicas, UNAM, México DF, Mexico

Nisar Ul-Haq, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Social Science, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India

Dr. Evaggelos Vallianatos, historian and environmental strategist (at the US Environmental Protection Agency for 25 years), Greece/USA

Jean-Paul Vanhoove, Activist, Agenda des Actions Africaines, Courbevoie, France

Bruno Vitale, former research fellow at Cern and at the Princeton Advanced Studies, former Professor of Quantum Mechanics at the University of Naples, Italy/USA

Professor George Vithoulkas, recipient of the Right Livelihood Award (the “alternative Nobel prize”), Director of the International Academy of Classical Homeopathy (Greece), Honorary Professor of the University of the Aegean (Greece), of the State University of Chuvash Republic (Russia), of the Kyiv Medical University (Ukraine), of the Pontifical Javeriana Medical University (Colombia), of the Kyiv Medical Academy (Ukraine), of the Dnipro Medical Institute of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (Ukraine), of the National Educational Centre for Traditional and Complementary Medicine (Russia), of the All-Russia Scientific Research Center for Restorative and Resort Medicine (Russia), senior associate member of the Royal Society of Medicine (UK), Greece

Mick Wallace, Member of the European Parliament, Ireland

Wang Hui, China, Professor, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

Marguerite Warner, Canada (Member, Peace Alliance Winnipeg)

John Webster, Labour Party, member, UK

Fernando Ximenes, editor of Delinking Magazine, member of Komite Esperansa, Timor Leste

Tatjiana Zdanoka, Member of the European Parliament, Latvia

Xueping Zhong, Professor, Tufts University, Medford, USA

Siphamaandla Zondi, Director, Institute for Pan-African Thought & Conversation, co-Director, Institute for Global African Affairs, Professor, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Johannesburg, South Africa