The DiEM25 manifesto: Democracy in Europe Movement 2025

(The DIEM 25 manifesto was published on 9 February 2016)

On 9 February, activists and arguers from across Europe gather in Berlin’s Volksbühne to launch DiEM25, a manifesto for a democratic European Union. openDemocracy’s founder introduces the manifesto and why it is so vital for Europe today.

Many people and organisations are involved, motivated in particular by witnessing the way Greece has been treated by the European Union, what this reveals about the way the EU operates and the refreshing opposition to this set out by Yanis Varoufakis.

The starting point of DiEM25 is that for all their fine words about democracy there is nothing the present masters of the EU fear more than real democracy. Indeed, the EU has become a conspiracy against democracy at the European level and more important against the national democracies it originally helped to revive in the west after the Second World War and to create in the east after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Today, in the face of an EU that is dividing us against ourselves, Europeans must join together to demand a truly democratic EU – or away with it, before it does more damage!

The manifesto of DiEM is well argued and openDemocracy is happy to publish it here below first in its short version and then its full version. You can also read it and follow the launch and join the movement as I have at the official DiEM website here.

There will be four speaker-packed sessions in what is already a sold-out gathering that will be successfully live-streamed. In the afternoon the session on how we realise the aims and ambitions of DiEM25 – how do we make it happen? – will be co-chaired by Mary Fitzgerald and me, as the Editor-in-Chief and founder of openDemocracy.

This is a momentous time for Europe. The only way to prevent our continent returning to its past of puerile xenophobia and lethal prejudice is through democracy with all that this implies. This is a challenge for us the peoples of Europe, not ‘them’ our so-called leaders.

The lesson of this century is that we cannot any longer look to traditional elites to provide a pathway to progress. They are now our enemy, hollowed out by their abandonment of their own traditions and corrupted by corporate and financial excess. But we have to address and solve the acute economic inequalities, unfairness and corruption of Europe. It is time for open democracy across our continent.

Anthony Barnett

The Short Manifesto

Democracy in Europe⋅Movement⋅2025

The EU will be democratised. Or it will disintegrate!

For all their concerns with global competitiveness, migration and terrorism, only one prospect truly terrifies the Powers of Europe: Democracy!

They speak in democracy’s name but only to deny, exorcise and suppress it in practice. They seek to co-opt, evade, corrupt, mystify, usurp and manipulate democracy in order to break its energy and arrest its possibilities. For rule by Europe’s peoples, government by the demos, is their nightmare.

The European Union could have been the proverbial Beacon on the Hill, showing the world how peace and solidarity may be snatched from the jaws of centuries-long conflict and bigotry. Alas, today, a common bureaucracy and a common currency divide European peoples that were beginning to unite despite our different languages and cultures.

Now, today, Europeans are feeling let down by EU institutions everywhere. From Helsinki to Lisbon, from Dublin to Crete, from Leipzig to Aberdeen. A stark choice is approaching fast. The choice between authentic democracy and insidious disintegration.

At the heart of our disintegrating EU there lies a guilty deceit: A highly political, top-down, opaque decision-making process is presented as ‘apolitical’, ‘technical’, ‘procedural’ and ‘neutral’. Its purpose is to prevent Europeans from exercising democratic control over their money, communities, working conditions and environment.

The price of this deceit is not merely the end of democracy but also the dream of shared prosperity:

  • The Eurozone economies are being marched off the cliff of competitive austerity, resulting in permanent recession in the weaker countries and low investment in the core countries
  • EU member-states outside the Eurozone are alienated, seeking inspiration and partners in suspect quarters
  • Unprecedented inequality, declining hope and misanthropy flourish throughout Europe

The more they asphyxiate democracy, the less legitimate their political authority becomes, the stronger the forces of economic recession, and the greater their need for further authoritarianism. Thus democracy’s enemies gather renewed power while losing legitimacy and confining hope and prosperity to the very few (who may only enjoy it behind the gates and the fences needed to shield them from the rest of society).

This is the unseen process by which Europe’s crisis is turning our peoples inwards, against each other, amplifying pre-existing jingoism, xenophobia. The privatisation of anxiety, the fear of the ‘other’, the nationalisation of ambition, and the re-nationalisation of policy threaten a toxic disintegration of common interests from which Europe can only suffer.

Europe’s pitiful reaction to its banking and debt crises, to the refugee crisis, to the need for a coherent foreign, migration and anti-terrorism policy, are all examples of what happens when solidarity loses its meaning.

Two dreadful options dominate:

  • Retreat into the cocoon of our nation-states
  • Or surrender to the Brussels democracy-free zone

There must be another course. And there is!

It is the one official ‘Europe’ resists with every sinew of its authoritarian mind-set:

A surge of democracy! 

Edmund Burke’s line applies to today’s Europe perfectly: “The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is that good people do nothing.” Committed democrats must resolve to act across Europe. With a view to call forth just such a surge, we are gathering on 9th February in Berlin to found a movement, DiEM25.

We come from every part of Europe and are united by different cultures, languages, accents, political party affiliations, ideologies, skin colours, gender identities, faiths and conceptions of the good society.

We come together as committed Europeans determined to prevent a clueless EU establishment, which is deeply contemptuous of democracy, from rendering impossible an authentically democratic European union.

One simple, radical idea is the motivating force behind DiEM25: Democratise Europe!  

The EU will either be democratised or it will disintegrate! 

Our immediate priority is (A) full transparency in decision-making (e.g. live-streaming of European Council, Ecofin and Eurogroup meetings, full disclosure of trade negotiation documents, publication of ECB minutes etc.) and (B) the urgent redeployment of existing EU institutions in the pursuit of innovative policies that genuinely address the crises of debt, banking, inadequate investment, rising poverty and migration.

Our medium-term goal, once Europe’s various crises have been stabilised, is to convene a constitutional assembly where Europeans will deliberate on how to bring forth, by 2025, a full- fledged European democracy, featuring a sovereign Parliament that respects national self- determination and sharing power with national Parliaments, regional assemblies and municipal councils.

Read also:
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We call on our fellow Europeans to join us forthwith to create DiEM25 and to fight together to democratise the European Union; to end the reduction of all political relations into relations of power masquerading as merely technical decisions; to subject the EU’s bureaucracy to the will of sovereign European peoples; to dismantle the habitual domination of corporate power over the will of citizens; and to re-politicise the rules that govern our single market and common currency.

We are inspired by a Europe of Reason, Liberty, Tolerance and Imagination made possible by comprehensive Transparency, real Solidarity and authentic Democracy. We aspire to:

  • Democratic Europe in which all political authority stems from Europe’s sovereign peoples
  • Transparent Europe where all decision-making takes place under the citizens’ scrutiny
  • United Europe whose citizens have as much in common across countries as within them
  • Realistic Europe that sets itself the task of radical, yet achievable, democratic reforms
  • Decentralised Europe that uses central power to maximise democracy locally
  • Pluralist Europe of regions, ethnicities, faiths, nations, languages and cultures
    An Egalitarian Europe that celebrates difference and ends all forms of discrimination
  • Cultured Europe that harnesses its peoples’ cultural diversity
  • Social Europe that recognises freedom from exploitation as a prerequisite for true liberty
  • Productive Europe that directs investment into a shared, green prosperity
  • Sustainable Europe that lives within the planet’s means
  • An Ecological Europe engaged in genuine world-wide green transition
  • Creative Europe that releases the innovative powers of its citizens’ imagination
  • Technological Europe pressing new technologies in the service of solidarity
  • Historically-minded Europe that seeks a bright future without hiding from its past
  • An Internationalist Europe that treats non-Europeans as ends-in-themselves
  • Peaceful Europe de-escalating tensions in its neighbourhood and beyond
  • An Open Europe that is alive to ideas, people and inspiration from all over the world, 
recognising fences and borders as signs of weakness and sources of insecurity
  • Liberated Europe where privilege, prejudice, deprivation and the threat of violence 
wither, allowing Europeans to be born into fewer stereotypical roles, to enjoy even chances to develop their potential, and to be free to choose more of their partners in life, work and society.

The Long Manifesto

Democracy in Europe⋅Movement⋅2025

The EU will be democratised. Or it will disintegrate!

For all their concerns with global competitiveness, migration and terrorism, only one prospect truly terrifies the Powers of Europe: Democracy! They speak in democracy’s name but only to deny, exorcise and suppress it in practice. They seek to co-opt, evade, corrupt, mystify, usurp and manipulate democracy in order to break its energy and arrest its possibilities.

For rule by Europe’s peoples, government by the demos, is the shared nightmare of:

  • The Brussels bureaucracy (and its more than 10,000 lobbyists)
    Its hit-squad inspectorates and the Troika they formed together with unelected 
‘technocrats’ from other international and European institutions
    The powerful Eurogroup that has no standing in law or treaty
    Bailed out bankers, fund managers and resurgent oligarchies perpetually contemptuous of 
the multitudes and their organised expression
    Political parties appealing to liberalism, democracy, freedom and solidarity to betray their 
most basic principles when in government
    Governments that fuel cruel inequality by implementing self-defeating austerity
    Media moguls who have turned fear-mongering into an art form, and a magnificent source 
of power and profit
    Corporations in cahoots with secretive public agencies investing in the same fear to 
promote secrecy and a culture of surveillance that bend public opinion to their will.

The European Union was an exceptional achievement, bringing together in peace European peoples speaking different languages, submersed in different cultures, proving that it was possible to create a shared framework of human rights across a continent that was, not long ago, home to murderous chauvinism, racism and barbarity. The European Union could have been the proverbial Beacon on the Hill, showing the world how peace and solidarity may be snatched from the jaws of centuries-long conflict and bigotry.

Alas, today, a common bureaucracy and a common currency divide European peoples that were beginning to unite despite our different languages and cultures. A confederacy of myopic politicians, economically naïve officials and financially incompetent ‘experts’ submit slavishly to the edicts of financial and industrial conglomerates, alienating Europeans and stirring up a dangerous anti-European backlash. Proud peoples are being turned against each other. Nationalism, extremism and racism are being re-awakened.

At the heart of our disintegrating EU there lies a guilty deceit: A highly political, top-down, opaque decision-making process is presented as ‘apolitical’, ‘technical’, ‘procedural’ and ‘neutral’. Its purpose is to prevent Europeans from exercising democratic control over their money, finance, working conditions and environment. The price of this deceit is not merely the end of democracy but also poor economic policies:

  • The Eurozone economies are being marched off the cliff of competitive austerity, resulting in permanent recession in the weaker countries and low investment in the core countries
  • EU member-states outside the Eurozone are alienated, seeking inspiration and partners in suspect quarters where they are most likely to be greeted with opaque, coercive free trade deals that undermine their sovereignty.
  • Unprecedented inequality, declining hope and misanthropy flourish throughout Europe

Two dreadful options dominate:

  • Retreat into the cocoon of our nation-states
  • Or surrender to the Brussels democracy-free zone

There must be another course. And there is!

It is the one official ‘Europe’ resists with every sinew of its authoritarian mind-set: A surge of democracy!


Our movement, DiEM25, seeks to call forth just such a surge.

One simple, radical idea is the motivating force behind DiEM25:
Democratise Europe!

For the EU will either be democratised or it will disintegrate! 

Our goal to democratise Europe is realistic. It is no more utopian than the initial construction of the European Union was. Indeed, it is less utopian than the attempt to keep alive the current, anti- democratic, fragmenting European Union.

Read also:
Spain: Debt Wars against the South

Our goal to democratise Europe is terribly urgent, for without a swift start it may be impossible to chisel away at the institutionalised resistance in good time, before Europe goes past the point of no return. We give it a decade, by 2025.

If we fail to democratise Europe within, at most, a decade; if Europe’s autocratic powers succeed in stifling democratisation, then the EU will crumble under its hubris, it will splinter, and its fall will cause untold hardship everywhere – not just in Europe. 
 

Why is Europe losing its integrity and its soul? 


In the post-war decades during which the EU was initially constructed, national cultures were revitalised in a spirit of internationalism, disappearing borders, shared prosperity and raised standards that brought Europeans together. But, the serpent’s egg was at the heart of the integration process.

From an economic viewpoint, the EU began life as a cartel of heavy industry (later co-opting farm owners) determined to fix prices and to re-distribute oligopoly profits through its Brussels bureaucracy. The emergent cartel, and its Brussels-based administrators, feared the demos and despised the idea of government-by-the-people.

Patiently and methodically, a process of de-politicising decision-making was put in place, the result being a draining but relentless drive toward taking-the-demos-out-of-democracy and cloaking all policy-making in a pervasive pseudo-technocratic fatalism. National politicians were rewarded handsomely for their acquiescence to turning the Commission, the Council, the Ecofin, the Eurogroup and the ECB, into politics-free zones. Anyone opposing this process of de-politicisation was labelled ‘un-European’ and treated as a jarring dissonance.

Thus the deceit at the EU’s heart was born, yielding an institutional commitment to policies that generate depressing economic data and avoidable hardship. Meanwhile, simple principles that a more confident Europe once understood, have now been abandoned:

  • Rules should exist to serve Europeans, not the other way round
  • Currencies should be instruments, not ends-in-themselves
  • A single market is consistent with democracy only if it features common defences of the 
weaker Europeans, and of the environment, that are democratically chosen and built
  • Democracy cannot be a luxury afforded to creditors while refused to debtors
  • Democracy is essential for limiting capitalism’s worst, self-destructive drives and opening 
up a window onto new vistas of social harmony and sustainable development

In response to the inevitable failure of Europe’s cartelised social economy to rebound from the post-2008 Great Recession, the EU’s institutions that caused this failure have been resorting to escalating authoritarianism. The more they asphyxiate democracy, the less legitimate their political authority becomes, the stronger the forces of economic recession, and the greater their need for further authoritarianism. Thus the enemies of democracy gather renewed power while losing legitimacy and confining hope and prosperity to the very few (who may only enjoy it behind the gates and the fences needed to shield them from the rest of society).

This is the unseen process by which Europe’s crisis is turning our peoples inwards, against each other, amplifying pre-existing jingoism, xenophobia. The privatisation of anxiety, the fear of the ‘other’, the nationalisation of ambition, and the re-nationalisation of policy threaten a toxic disintegration of common interests from which Europe can only suffer. Europe’s pitiful reaction to its banking and debt crises, to the refugee crisis, to the need for a coherent foreign, migration and anti-terrorism policy, are all examples of what happens when solidarity loses its meaning:

  • The injury to Europe’s integrity caused by the crushing of the Athens Spring, and by the subsequent imposition of an economic ‘reform’ program that was designed to fail
  • The customary assumption that, whenever a state budget must be bolstered or a bank bailed out, society’s weakest must pay for the sins of the wealthiest rentiers
  • The constant drive to commodify labour and drive democracy out of the workplace
  • The scandalous ‘not in our backyard’ attitude of most EU member-states to the refugees landing on Europe’s shores, illustrating how a broken European governance model yields 
ethical decline and political paralysis, as well as evidence that xenophobia towards non- 
Europeans follows the demise of intra-European solidarity
  • The comical phrase we end up with when we put together the three words ‘European’, 
‘foreign’ and ‘policy’
  • The ease with which European governments decided after the awful Paris attacks that the 
solution lies in re-erecting borders, when most of the attackers were EU citizens – yet another sign of the moral panic engulfing a European Union unable to unite Europeans to forge common responses to common problems.

What must be done? Our horizon 

Realism demands that we work toward reaching milestones within a realistic timeframe. This is why DiEM25 will aim for four breakthroughs at regular intervals in order to bring about a fully democratic, functional Europe by 2025.

Now, today, Europeans are feeling let down by EU institutions everywhere. From Helsinki to Lisbon, from Dublin to Crete, from Leipzig to Aberdeen. Europeans sense that a stark choice is approaching fast. The choice between authentic democracy and insidious disintegration. We must resolve to unite to ensure that Europe makes the obvious choice: Authentic democracy!

When asked what we want, and when we want it, we reply:

IMMEDIATELY: Full transparency in decision-making.

–  EU Council, Ecofin, FTT and Eurogroup Meetings to be live-streamed

–  Minutes of European Central Bank governing council meetings to be published a few weeks 
after the meetings have taken place

– All documents pertinent to crucial negotiations (e.g. trade-TTIP, ‘bailout’ loans, Britain’s 
status) affecting every facet of European citizens’ future to be uploaded on the web

–  A compulsory register for lobbyists that includes their clients’ names, their remuneration, and 
a record of meetings with officials (both elected and unelected) 
 

WITHIN TWELVE MONTHS: Address the on-going economic crisis utilising existing institutions and within existing EU Treaties

Europe’s immediate crisis is unfolding simultaneously in five realms:

  • Public debt
  • Banking
  • Inadequate Investment, and
  • Migration
  • Rising Poverty

All five realms are currently left in the hands of national governments powerless to act upon them. DiEM25 will present detailed policy proposals to Europeanise all five while limiting Brussels’ discretionary powers and returning power to national Parliaments, to regional councils, to city halls and to communities. The proposed policies will be aimed at re-deploying existing institutions (through a creative re-interpretation of existing treaties and charters) in order to stabilise the crises of public debt, banking, inadequate investment, and rising poverty. 
 

Read also:
Destroying Greeks, Colonizing Greece

WITHIN TWO YEARS: Constitutional Assembly

The people of Europe have a right to consider the union’s future and a duty to transform Europe (by 2025) into a full-fledged democracy with a sovereign Parliament respecting national self- determination and sharing power with national Parliaments, regional assemblies and municipal councils. To do this, an Assembly of their representatives must be convened. DiEM25 will promote a Constitutional Assembly consisting of representatives elected on trans-national tickets. Today, when universities apply to Brussels for research funding, they must form alliances across nations. Similarly, election to the Constitutional Assembly should require tickets featuring candidates from a majority of European countries. The resulting Constitutional Assembly will be empowered to 
decide on a future democratic constitution that will replace all existing European Treaties within a decade.

BY 2025: Enactment of the decisions of the Constitutional Assembly

Who will bring change? 

We, the peoples of Europe, have a duty to regain control over our Europe from unaccountable ‘technocrats’, complicit politicians and shadowy institutions.

We come from every part of the continent and are united by different cultures, languages, accents, political party affiliations, ideologies, skin colours, gender identities, faiths and conceptions of the good society.

We are forming DiEM25 intent on moving from a Europe of ‘We the Governments’, and ‘We the Technocrats’, to a Europe of ‘We, the peoples of Europe’.

Our four principles:

  • No European people can be free as long as another’s democracy is violated
  • No European people can live in dignity as long as another is denied it
  • No European people can hope for prosperity if another is pushed into permanent 
insolvency and depression
  • No European people can grow without basic goods for its weakest citizens, human 
development, ecological balance and a determination to become fossil-fuel free in a world that changes its ways – not the planet’s climate

We join in a magnificent tradition of fellow Europeans who have struggled for centuries against the ‘wisdom’ that democracy is a luxury and that the weak must suffer what they must.

With our hearts, minds and wills dedicated to these commitments, and determined to make a difference, we declare that:

Our pledge

We call on our fellow Europeans to join us forthwith to create the European movement which we call DiEM25

  • To fight together, against a European establishment deeply contemptuous of democracy, to democratise the European Union
  • To end the reduction of all political relations into relations of power masquerading as merely technical decisions
  • To subject the EU’s bureaucracy to the will of sovereign European peoples
  • To dismantle the habitual domination of corporate power over the will of citizens
  • To re-politicise the rules that govern our single market and common currency

We consider the model of national parties which form flimsy alliances at the level of the European Parliament to be obsolete. While the fight for democracy-from below (at the local, regional or national levels) is necessary, it is nevertheless insufficient if it is conducted without an internationalist strategy toward a pan-European coalition for democratising Europe. European democrats must come together first, forge a common agenda, and then find ways of connecting it with local communities and at the regional and national level.

Our overarching aim to democratise the European Union is intertwined with an ambition to promote self-government (economic, political and social) at the local, municipal, regional and national levels; to throw open the corridors of power to the public; to embrace social and civic movements; and to emancipate all levels of government from bureaucratic and corporate power.

We are inspired by a Europe of ReasonLibertyTolerance and Imagination made possible by comprehensive Transparency, real Solidarity and authentic Democracy. We aspire to:

  • Democratic Europe in which all political authority stems from Europe’s sovereign peoples
  • Transparent Europe where all decision-making takes place under the citizens’ scrutiny
  • United Europe whose citizens have as much in common across nations as within them
  • Realistic Europe that sets itself the task of radical, yet achievable, democratic reforms
  • Decentralised Europe that uses central power to maximise democracy in workplaces, towns, cities, regions and states
  • Pluralist Europe of regions, ethnicities, faiths, nations, languages and cultures
  • An Egalitarian Europe that celebrates difference and ends discrimination based on gender, 
skin colour, social class or sexual orientation
  • Cultured Europe that harnesses its people’s cultural diversity and promotes not only its 
invaluable heritage but also the work of Europe’s dissident artists, musicians, writers and 
poets
  • Social Europe that recognises that liberty necessitates not only freedom from 
interference but also the basic goods that render one free from need and exploitation
  • Productive Europe that directs investment into a shared, green prosperity
  • Sustainable Europe that lives within the planet’s means, minimising its environmental 
impact, and leaving as much fossil fuel in the earth
  • An Ecological Europe engaged in genuine world-wide green transition
  • Creative Europe that releases the innovative powers of its citizens’ imagination
  • Technological Europe pressing new technologies in the service of solidarity
  • Historically-minded Europe that seeks a bright future without hiding from its past
  • An Internationalist Europe that treats non-Europeans as ends-in-themselves
  • Peaceful Europe de-escalating tensions in its East and in the Mediterranean, acting as a 
bulwark against the sirens of militarism and expansionism
  • An Open Europe that is alive to ideas, people and inspiration from all over the world, 
recognising fences and borders as signs of weakness spreading insecurity in the name of 
security
  • Liberated Europe where privilege, prejudice, deprivation and the threat of violence 
wither, allowing Europeans to be born into fewer stereotypical roles, to enjoy even chances to develop their potential, and to be free to choose more of their partners in life, work and society.

Carpe DiEM25

www.diem25.org